Coronary heart disease

The most common heart disease is coronary artery disease. This disease occurs when the blood vessels of the heart (coronary arteries) are narrowed or blocked due to accumulation and fat deposits. In this condition, the blood supply to the heart muscle is reduced and less oxygen and nutrients reach the myocardium, which results in the risk of heart attack, heart failure, and irregular rhythm.

The most common symptom of coronary artery disease is chest pain. Pain may be felt as heaviness, pressure, numbness, and burning. The patient may confuse these symptoms with indigestion or stomach pain. The pain is usually felt in the chest area, though it may also be seen in the left shoulder, arms, neck, back, or chin.

Other common symptoms of coronary artery disease include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitation
  • Arrhythmia -low heartbeat
  • Acceleration of heart rate
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating

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